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CURRENT PUPAE - Chrysalides and cocoons

If you are a beginner and need information on rearing from small caterpillars, or hatching out pupae, please order the All Colour Paperback BUTTERFLIES. INSTRUCTIONS ARE NOT SENT WITH EACH SPECIES, you need to acquire basic skills and this book is a simple way of doing so.

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Heath Fritillary athalia PUPAE
Availability: June/July


 

Heath Fritillary Melicta athalia

 

There are more orders this year than there are pupae but later orders will be supplied from later stock if possible this year, otherwise later orders will be held for supply in 2018.

 

Pupae very seldom offered and these are imminent. These will hatch in June.

 

Common in parts of Europe, and a rare and very localised species in Britain.  The larvae thrive on narrow-leaved Plantain Plantago  and bear a remarkable resemblance to its flowerheads.  July/August larvae will normally hibernate, but if kept in warm conditions, some may grow and produce butterflies again this year.

 

 

Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus 5 pupae
Availability: October 2018


Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus

An opportunity not to be missed!

Very unusual to have livestock available: this is the first time ever!  These may produce Holly Blue butterflies this summer, or they may hibernate.

The larvae feed inside the flowers and berries of Holly and Ivy. They can be reared on the flowers or pods of Broom and probably other plants of the same family. They live solitarily and are canibalistic, so keep them apart.

These larvae will produce another generation of butterflies this year. The second generation passes the winter in the dormant pupal stage.

£14.95
Eyed Hawk Smerinthus ocellata pupae
Availability: NOW


Eyed Hawk Smerinthus ocellata

 

 

Pupae are stored cool for the winter. Lay them out in April for May emergence. Pairings extremely easy. Larvae feed on Apple, Willows and Sallows. The larvae do best on living foodplant because these plants do not last well in water. Very attractive larvae, highly camouflaged with silvery markings on green, and very streamlined. Single brooded. The moth has beautiful hindwings which it flashes if disturbed. Huge eyespots brightly coloured with magenta and blue. Highly recommended. 

 

Additional reported foodplants: Poplars, Blackthorn, Lime, Privet, Alder, Birch, Plum, Blackthorn, some Viburnums, Various Prunus, Laurel.


 

 

Lime Hawk tiliae pupae
Availability: NOW


 

Lime Hawk Mimas tiliae

Some excellent forms of pattern and colour are appearing from these pupae, including one-spot, banded and brick red forms, as well as a wide colour range of normal pattern. There is no way of detecting these in the early stages, but we are illustrating some of these extreme forms that have been emerging.

Store pupae refrigerated for the winter. The moths normally emerge in May/June.

Extremely easy to rear on Lime or Elm. Other reported foodplants include Cherry, Alder, Birch, Oak, Hazel, Acer including Sycamore, Sorbus, Apple, Pear and Ash! In autumn the larvae will grow faster if kept warm. 

The larvae do particularly well sleeved on growing foodplant but can be kept in plastic boxes or cages. Beautiful streamlined larvae. Larger larvae are often heavily marked with flame and scarlet spots and blotches. Very variable. They pupate underground. In captivity they will pupate amongst folds of cloth or absorbent tissue.

Privet Hawk S ligustri Pupae
Availability: NOW


Privet Hawk Sphinx ligustri

One of the largest Hawkmoths. Store the pupae cool for the winter.

The caterpillar becomes enormous and is characteristic of the name Sphinx moths, by its sphinx-like resting position. Adults emerge in June and July.  They need nectar from the flowers of Privet, Valerian, Buddleia. 

Larval foodplants: Privet, Lilac, Ash, also reportedly Spiraea, Viburnum opulus, and other Viburnums,  Holly, Dogwood, Snowberry, Apple, Pear, Oleander, Leycesteria, Currant.

One generation in the year. Privet Hawks breed readily in a large cage with nectar and foodplant. 

 


 

Pine Hawk H pinastri pupae
Availability: Autumn/winter 2018


Pine Hawk Hyloicus pinastri

 

For several seasons this species has been difficult to obtain. 

 

Moths emerge in June/July from pupae stored cool for the winter.  Provide nectar for the adults, and sprigs of pine for the moths to lay on.  The moth is patterned in shades of grey, with black streaks. A rarity in Britain.

 

Easy to pair and lay. Larvae do well sleeved on pine in pots or the ground.  The larvae are masters of camouflage in all their stages.

 

The larvae change their camouflage pattern at each skin change. Full of interest, and easy to rear.

 

 

Broad-bordered Bee Hawk H fuciformis pupae
Availability: NOW


Broad-bordered Bee Hawk Hemaris fuciformis

 

During the winter keep the dormant pupae cool. The adults emerge in June. The wings are covered with very loose grey scales on the freshly emerged moths. When they fly, the scales are flung off, leaving clear areas, more like the wings of bees and wasps.

 

Provide breeding adults with nectar flowers, and sprigs of Honeysuckle leaves for egg-laying.  This is a very special species – one that will give a lot of pleasure.

Extremely difficult to obtain. 




 

Sphingonaepiopsis gorgoniades Eastern Europe/Asia a PAIR of pupae
Availability: NOW


Sphingonaepiopsis gorgoniades Eastern Europe/Asia

An expensive rarity for the connoisseur.

A little-known Hawkmoth with characteristics of shape, pattern and build in common with Proserpinus proserpina and a larva that is remarkably like the caterpillar of the Hummingbird Hawkmoth Macroglossum stellatarum. 

Larvae feed on Bedstraws Gallium and are reported to accept other Rubiaceae, but we have not discovered any examples.

Pupae overwinter. There may be up to 3 broods according to locality and climate.

 

£29.50
Broad-bordered Bee Hawk H fuciformis male pupae  SPECIAL PRICE
Availability: NOW


Broad-bordered Bee Hawk Hemaris fuciformis

 

5 male pupae normally £25.95 NOW £19.95

 

During the winter keep the dormant pupae cool. The adults emerge in June. The wings are covered with very loose grey scales on the freshly emerged moths. When they fly, the scales are flung off, leaving clear areas, more like the wings of bees and wasps.

 

This is a very special species – one that will give a lot of pleasure.

 




 

Hemaris croatica pupa
Availability: NOW


Hemaris croatica

 

This is a very scarce European Hawkmoth and listed by us for the first time in some 50 years!

 

Croatica occurs from Greece up nearly to Austria, and eastwards into Asia Minor. The larvae feed on Scabious. Most people have never set eyes on this attractive Bee Hawk.  Almost never seen in collections.

 

The pupae are dormant until the following year. Store them cold from November until early summer.

 

 

£12.95
Elephant Hawk elpenor pupae
Availability: NOW


Elephant Hawk Dielephila elpenor

 

Store dormant pupae cool for the winter. The moths emerge in June/July. Cage with nectar flowers and springs of Willowherb – you do not see the pairings but fertile eggs are easily obtained. 

 

An exceptionally pretty moth with amazing and characterful larvae, with eye-spots and probing “trunks”. Young larvae are green, later changing to charcoal black, with occasional rarities remaining green.

 

Larvae feed on Willowherbs, Fuschia, Creepers.

 

High recommended.

 

 

Cinnabar Moth Hipocrita jacobaeae pupae
Availability: NOW


Cinnabar Moth Hipocrita jacobaeae pupae

Once an extremely common British Moth, less common over most of Europe, but over the last 10 years there has been a marked decline in numbers. The summer of 2016 brought a reversal of this decline and we have a fine stock of pupae available, as a result of breeding.

The larvae feed on Groundsel and Ragwort Senecio. The larvae are ringed in bright orange and black, nature's warning colours, and they absorb chemicals from the foodplant that adversely affect predators who ignore the warning. Ragwort is a mis-understood plant that provides an abundance of nectar to bees, butterflies and other insects. There is evidence that Ragwort plants that are pulled up and left to dry, can be detrimental to cattle and horses if they eat the dried plants. Animals can be seen grazing safely in fields containing growing green plants. There is nothing to be gained from pulling up Ragwort plants, because they are biennials that flower and die in the same year. So a patch of Ragwort can provide valuable nectar to thousands of wild insects, and be host to Cinnabar larvae and, job completed, it dies at the end of summer. 

The Cinnabar moth flies by day, more than by night, and is protected from predators, by the very striking colours of charcoal and scarlet, and bitter-tasting chemicals derived from the larval foodplant, enabling the moth to display its bright colours, yet not be attacked by predators. 

Cinnabar larvae can be raised in sleeves on growing Ragwort. We find the sleeves fitted with a zip are particularly successful. When the larvae are large, if you put in the sleeve several handfuls of springy wood shavings or dried leaf litter, they will form thin silken cocoons in which to pupate.

Could you help to spread this colourful day-flying moth again in your area?

Store pupae cool for the winter, even in a fridge, loose in a plastic box, without any padding.  In May lay them out in an emerging cage and wait for the moths to emerge.