CURRENT PUPAE - Chrysalides and cocoons

If you are a beginner and need information on rearing from small caterpillars, or hatching out pupae, please order the All Colour Paperback BUTTERFLIES. INSTRUCTIONS ARE NOT SENT WITH EACH SPECIES, you need to acquire basic skills and this book is a simple way of doing so.

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PUPAE NEST
Availability: NOW


PUPAE NEST

The Pupae Nest, using sheets of bobble foam, is the innovative method used by WWB to keep subterranean pupae, in particular, and other pupae and cocoons in ideal conditions in the emerging cage. 

•  Developed specifically for underground pupae: also ideal for cocoons and unattached pupae.

•   Immediate access to pupae for inspection, without disturbance.

•  Provides healthy and moist conditions.

•  Easy observation of pupae that are forming up prior to emergence. 

•  Allows the breeder to anticipate the emergence of required males or females.

•  Ensures hygiene and avoidance of harmful bacteria.

This method has proved to be better than using soil or compost, because it enables instant inspection whenever required, for removal of empty pupal shells or any dead pupae, and to be able clean up, with minimum disturbance of the pupae. The pupae rest in the depressions, in natural conditions of humidity and hygiene.  If they were on plain foam sheets they would roll around, and would be less able to benefit from the humidity assisted by the depressions, which also provide separation. The covering sheet of foam is placed with the bobble side down,  so both of the indented  sides are together, which allows some airflow and eases the passage for adults to emerge and climb to dry their wings.

The pupae and foam should be sprayed thoroughly (not just misted) every day, or more often in higher temperatures.  The base of the upper tray is perforated to allow drainage. It rests in an unperforated tray with some blocks to separate the two trays and receive the drained water. This drainage allows liberal watering, without risk of the pupae lying in water.  

Cocoons also do well resting on a bobble foam sheet, usually without another sheet covering them, though in exceptionally hot conditions, a moist foam sheet on top of the cocoons, helps to maintain humidity. Cocoons require very liberal watering, not a just a fine mist. Soak them thoroughly, safe in the knowledge that they are well drained.

Butterfly pupae, which in the wild are not formed underground, are usually fixed to a twig or other surface, either hanging from the tail cremaster, or (dependent on their family) upright and held in place by a silken girdle. You can go to the trouble of emulating this artificially or they can be laid on the surface of the foam and not covered. As long as they are misted to avoid them drying out, the butterfly usually forms successfully in such pupae laid on foam, and the porous surface helps give the emerging butterfly the grip needed to pull itself out of the chrysalis shell, and crawl to the netting wall of the cage to expand and dry its wings.

From time to time, it is good practice to remove the pupae, wash the foam thoroughly, spray with dilute bleach (about 10% solution, which is not harmful to the pupae) then replace the pupae on nice wet foam. In summer the foam is normally washed about every 2- 3 weeks, using hot water with a touch of bleach added, but without soap or detergent which would create problems with froth and would take too long to rinse away. The washing interval depends on the extent of hatching activity and temperature. Any hint of smell indicates bacteria and means that washing is overdue. When adults emerge from the pupa, a waste product Meconium, is ejected. This is only harmful if left so long that it spoils the freshness and encourages bacteria. Empty pupal shells and any other organic matter, are best frequently removed, to avoid build-up of mould or bacteria. In the emerging cage, pupae that are crowded together can develop a slime, caused by bacteria, which slows development and can kill pupae. Pupae nests help to eliminate such risk and periodic washing gives maximum hygiene.

When washing the foam sheets, it is also important to wash and disinfect the two trays. If you are incubating quite a lot of pupae it makes it more convenient to have two Pupae Nests, so you can move the pupae straight into a prepared clean Nest. To encourage this, there is a price reduction for two nests bought together.

TO INCUBATE pupae and COCOONS  An emerging cage should have netting sides with plenty of ventilation. This provides grip for emerging adults, and you can add some sticks.  In summer conditions, you can incubate temperate pupae at room temperature, without further heating, but when it is cool you may wish to add warmth.  When you heat, the ambient temperature can be raised to 25º over a few days, and increase further to 30º if required.  The air around the cage needs to be heated: they don’t do so well if heat is directed at the pupae or the cage. Don't stand the cage on a heat source. You cannot over-water the cocoons as long as they are able to drain. You can hang cocoons: if you do they then need more frequent and heavy watering. 

The Pupae Nest is based on standard seed tray size 24 x 38 cms which fits the Standard Pyjama Cage. 

PUPAE NEST One Large £19.95   Two Large £13.95 each =  £33.90 

TWO Spare Bobble Sheets £12.95 

 

Exotic butterfly pupae should be incubated, totally shaded, in a tropical greenhouse. The ambience of a tropical greenhouse is not easy to emulate. Some breeders are successful in re-creating such conditions, but it us not sufficient simply to achieve a high temperature and humidity.  For details of how to attach tropical butterfly pupae to twigs, or bamboo, please see the introduction to the Exotic Butterfly section of the WWB website. Exotic butterfly pupae that are not suspended but lying loose, can be laid on the bobble foam of a Pupae Nest, and left uncovered. Remember incubating pupae must always be in full shade.

                                                                                             

BREEDING OUTFIT Cage, Pupae Nest and 5 cocoons for breeding
Availability: NOW


BREEDING OUTFIT Cage, Pupae Nest and 5 cocoons for breeding

The Breeding Outfit includes a Standard Cage, a PUPAE NEST and 5 cocoons. The cocoons will be your choice of the Giant Atlas Moth, the biggest species in the world, or the Chinese Oak Silkmoth pernyi  which are not as giant but they are lideal for even beginners to breed. State your preference for Giant Atlas or Chinese Oak Silkmoth in the comments box when ordering.

The Pyjama Standard Cage is just the right size for incubating even the larger moths, and is useful for rearing larvae, Sitck and Leaf Insects and other creatures. The PUPAE NEST is the innovative way that WWB keeps pupae in the emerging cage. It is designed principally to keep underground pupae in ideal conditions which can be monitored and maintained free of infection, but is also ideal for both Silkmoth Cocoons and Exotic Butterfly Pupae. The PUPAE NEST fits in the Standard Cage, which can also be used later for rearing larvae.

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This equipment, with cocoons for breeding, helps to ensure success. It may appear to be costly, but it provides all that is necessary for breeding these amazing exotic giant moths from cocoons.  Store the cocoons in the fridge until mid-April. Then keep them in the cage on the bobble foam, thoroughly wetted. They like a temperature of 25-30 degrees C. Water liberally on any warm days, ensuring that the cocoons drain and do not lie in water. The moths may take some weeks, but will emerge in summer. Keep one pair at a time together in the cage, nice and warm to encourage them to mate. They stay joined for a day and must not be moved or disturbed. The female will lay eggs on the netting of the cage.

 

£83.80
European Swallowtail machaon gorganus 5 pupae
Availability: See text


European Swallowtail Papilio machaon gorganus

Pupae will be in short supply this winter. When stocks are sold we will book orders for supply at the next opportunity next season, or before if available.

Very difficult to obtain, there are seldom enough to meet demand. Keep winter pupae refrigerated until late April. Lay the pupae on foam sheet in the base of a netting emerging cage. Spray in hot weather. The butterflies normally emerge in May/June.

For breeding, the butterflies require some space, nectar flowers and growing foodplant. They need sunlight and humidity. Give them a shady area in the cage. Eggs are laid on the foodplant leaves.

The larvae are very easy to rear on Fennel, Carrot leaves and Parsnip leaves and flowers (wild and cultivated). One of the most attractive butterfly larvae and a joy to rear!

£35.00
European Swallowtail machaon gorganus 5 summer pupae
Availability: NOW


European Swallowtail Papilio machaon gorganus

Summer Swallowtail pupae produce adults in 2-4 weeks. A large and truly magnificent butterfly, as big as any in Europe.

Lay in the emerging cage on a base such as coir or greengrocer's imitation grass, that helps to maintain moisture.

The adults need nectar flowers and growing tender fronds of foodplant. In summer they also lay on the umbelliferous flowers of the foodplant.

The larvae are very easy to rear on Fennel, Carrot leaves and Parsnip leaves and flowers (wild and cultivated). One of the most attractive butterfly larvae and a joy to rear!

£29.50
ACP. Butterflies - used copy
Availability: NOW


All Colour Paperback BUTTERFLIES Robert Goodden.

No other book gives such plain and practical advice for the study of butterflies and moths.
A comprehensive guide - outlining techniques for the breeding and study of butterflies and moths. This book also shows a grand selection of butterflies of every continent. Packed with essential information, colourful pictures and diagrams by the butterfly artist JOYCE BEE. Paperback. 160  pages. 7 x 4". An essential guide for the beginner.

This book went out of print many years ago. WWB bought the entire stock of the English language edition. Stocks have now sold out. There are some used copies, damage or marking mainly on the covers, which does not materially affect the content. Even these are now down to rather few copies.
Published by Hamlyn. Available only from Worldwide Butterflies.

 


 

£21.95
Black-veined White crataegi 5 pupae
Availability: Spring 2021


Black-veined White Aporia crataegi 

More orders can be taken NOW for spring pupae in late April. These produce butterflies in May.

Black-veined Whites lived in Britain until about 1911. Maybe one day they will live here again?

The pupae are very brightly coloured, angular, greenish white, with contrasting markings in black and yellow. Easy to hatch out. They lay clusters of bright yellow eggs. Resulting larvae spin a web and live in this while they develop, and eventually settle down there for the winter.

Larvae do well sleeved on Hawthorn (their preferred foodplant), Plum, Blackthorn, Plum or Apple. The larvae live in a cluster.

Summer larvae spin a very small and concealed web on the branch, in which they hibernate. Leave the sleeve untouched for the winter. In spring they awake as soon as the buds burst, and begin to grow very quickly. 

£16.95
Small Tortoiseshell urticae pupae
Availability: July


Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae 

Suddenly this species has become scarce, in a very short time, though last season showed some recovery, there are very few to be seen this summer. The butterflies emerge in a little over two weeks, dependent on temperature.

The butterflies can be kept in a cage for a few days, with plenty of flowers for nectar, and then released to help the wild populations. 


 



 

Painted Lady Vanessa cardui 5 Pupae
Availability: June onwards


Painted Lady Vanessa cardui

Most years Painted Lady pupae are not available. This year we are expecting supplies again. PLEASE ORDER EARLY!

In Europe this is a migrant butterfly from N. Africa and it is probably the only butterfly found on every continent of the world. Larval foodplants include Nettle and Thistle but they also take a variety of other herbaceous plants including Mallow and Burdock.

This is a continuously brooded species that is available at intervals during the summer.

£20.95
WORLD COLLECTION OF EXOTIC BUTTERFLIES Ten pupae
Availability: NOW


World Collection of Exotic Butterflies

From several world regions and families. Un-labelled, selected for beauty and interest. The pupae alone are things of great beauty and interest. One of the real joys of nature! 

Choose between the STANDARD World Collection and the DE LUXE World Collection. Both are varied and interesting. The DE LUXE includes such beauties as the shimmering blue Morpho, Giant Owl Butterflies, Larger exotic Swallowtails, Iridescent blue banded Prepona and the like. The pupae are usually larger and some very intricate.  Well worth the difference in price. Some species develop in the pupa quite fast, which is why for international orders it is essential to send by courier, though this does not guarantee safe arrival, particularly in summer and to hot countries. in cooler months pupae usually arrive safely.

Illustrations are representative: yours may not be these species as there are so many to choose from - good value is always assured. When possible 10 different species will be sent though this is not always possible.

 

WORLD SWALLOWTAIL PUPA COLLECTION 10 pupae
Availability: NOW


WORLD SWALLOWTAIL PUPA COLLECTION 10 pupae

These are very varied in shape, size, colour and pattern. They are mostly tropical or sub-tropical and for emergence provide warmth and humidity that the pupae normally have in their natural environment. 

These are some of the loveliest butterflies of all butterflies. They come, unlabelled, ready to emerge and surprise you.  Some may form up and emerge within a few days, others may take a month or more. When possible ten different species will be supplied.

Photos on this site are representative and, as there are so many species, your collection may  have any of the possible species, not necessarily those illustrated.

 

£38.50
Glanville Fritillary cinxia 5 pupae
Availability: Spring 2021



Glanville Fritillary Melitaea cinxia

 The larvae feed on Narrow-leaved Plantain, and live in a cluster until large. These pupae will produce butterflies in a short time.

£12.50
Yellow-legged or Scarce Large Tortoiseshell Nymphalis xanthomelas form Anna
Availability: NOW


Yellow-legged or Scarce Large Tortoiseshell Nymphalis xanthomelas form Anna 

There are some remaining pupae and we can take a few more orders for this rarity.

This particularly vivid form first described and named as recently as 1967, is said to have a more intense background colour than the typical butterflies. It comes from only a few damp forest areas of Poland and has only once before been offered by WWB.

This is a chance to try something rather special. 

The Yellow-legged, or Scarce Large Tortoiseshell, has been found breeding in the eastern counties of England, the progeny of immigrants from eastern Europe. This would undoubtedly make this a candidate for the British List. With climate change, there is a possibility of this species becoming a British resident.

The larvae feed on Sallows, Willows and Poplars.