CURRENT PUPAE - Chrysalides and cocoons

If you are a beginner and need information on rearing from small caterpillars, or hatching out pupae, please order the All Colour Paperback BUTTERFLIES. INSTRUCTIONS ARE NOT SENT WITH EACH SPECIES, you need to acquire basic skills and this book is a simple way of doing so.

Please Select a Category Below:

Display: List / Grid
Show:
Sort By:
PUPAE NEST
Availability: NOW


PUPAE NEST

The Pupae Nest, using sheets of bobble foam, is the innovative method used by WWB to keep subterranean pupae, in particular, and other pupae and cocoons in ideal conditions in the emerging cage.

 

 

 

•  Developed specifically for underground pupae: also ideal for cocoons and unattached pupae.

•   Immediate access to pupae for inspection, without disturbance.

•  Provides healthy and moist conditions.

•  Easy observation of pupae that are forming up prior to emergence. 

•  Allows the breeder to anticipate the emergence of required males or females.

•  Ensures hygiene and avoidance of harmful bacteria.

This method has proved to be better than using soil or compost, because it enables instant inspection whenever required, for removal of empty pupal shells or any dead pupae, and to be able clean up, with minimum disturbance of the pupae. The pupae rest in the depressions, in natural conditions of humidity and hygiene.  If they were on plain foam sheets they would roll around, and would be less able to benefit from the humidity assisted by the depressions, which also provide separation. The covering sheet of foam is placed with the bobble side down,  so both of the indented  sides are together, which allows some airflow and eases the passage for adults to emerge and climb to dry their wings.

The pupae and foam should be sprayed thoroughly (not just misted) every day, or more often in higher temperatures.  The base of the upper tray is perforated to allow drainage. It rests in an unperforated tray with a block to separate the two trays and receive the drained water. This drainage allows liberal watering, without risk of the pupae lying in water.  

Cocoons also do well resting on a bobble foam sheet, usually without another sheet covering them, though in exceptionally hot conditions, a moist foam sheet on top of the cocoons, helps to maintain humidity. Cocoons require very liberal watering, not a just a fine mist. Soak them thoroughly, safe in the knowledge that they are well drained.

Butterfly pupae, which in the wild are not formed underground, are usually fixed to a twig or other surface, either hanging from the tail cremaster, or (dependent on their family) upright and held in place by a silken girdle. You can go to the trouble of emulating this artificially or they can be laid on the surface of the foam and not covered. As long as they are misted to avoid them drying out, the butterfly usually forms successfully in such pupae laid on foam, and the porous surface helps give the emerging butterfly the grip needed to pull itself out of the chrysalis shell, and crawl to the netting wall of the cage to expand and dry its wings.

From time to time, it is good practice to remove the pupae, wash the foam thoroughly, spray with dilute bleach (about 10% solution, which is not harmful to the pupae) then replace the pupae on nice wet foam. In summer the foam is normally washed about every 2- 3 weeks, using hot water with a touch of bleach added, but without soap or detergent which would create problems with froth and would take too long to rinse away. The washing interval depends on the extent of hatching activity and temperature. Any hint of smell indicates bacteria and means that washing is overdue. When adults emerge from the pupa, a waste product Meconium, is ejected. This is only harmful if left so long that it spoils the freshness and encourages bacteria. Empty pupal shells and any other organic matter, are best frequently removed, to avoid build-up of mould or bacteria. In the emerging cage, pupae that are crowded together can develop a slime, caused by bacteria, which slows development and can kill pupae. Pupae nests help to eliminate such risk and periodic washing gives maximum hygiene.

When washing the foam sheets, it is also important to wash and disinfect the two trays. If you are incubating quite a lot of pupae it makes it more convenient to have two Pupae Nests, so you can move the pupae straight into a prepared clean Nest. To encourage this, there is a price reduction for two nests bought together.

TO INCUBATE pupae and COCOONS  An emerging cage should have netting sides with plenty of ventilation. This provides grip for emerging adults, and you can add some sticks.  In summer conditions, you can incubate temperate pupae at room temperature, without further heating, but when it is cool you may wish to add warmth.  When you heat, the ambient temperature can be raised to 25º over a few days, and increase further to 30º if required.  The air around the cage needs to be heated: they don’t do so well if heat is directed at the pupae or the cage. Don't stand the cage on a heat source. You cannot over-water the cocoons as long as they are able to drain. You can hang cocoons: if you do they then need more frequent and heavy watering. 

The Pupae Nest is based on standard seed tray size 24 x 38 cms which fits the Standard Pyjama Cage. 

Exotic butterfly pupae should be incubated, totally shaded, in a tropical greenhouse. The ambience of a tropical greenhouse is not easy to emulate. Some breeders are successful in re-creating such conditions, but it us not sufficient simply to achieve a high temperature and humidity.  For details of how to attach tropical butterfly pupae to twigs, or bamboo, please see the introduction to the Exotic Butterfly section of the WWB website. Exotic butterfly pupae that are not suspended but lying loose, can be laid on the bobble foam of a Pupae Nest, and left uncovered. Remember incubating pupae must always be in full shade.

                                                                                             

BREEDING OUTFIT Cage, Pupae Nest and 5 cocoons for breeding
Availability: NOW


BREEDING OUTFIT Cage, Pupae Nest and 5 cocoons for breeding

The Breeding Outfit includes a Standard Cage, a PUPAE NEST and 5 cocoons. The cocoons will be your choice of the Giant Atlas Moth, the biggest species in the world, or the Chinese Oak Silkmoth pernyi  which are not as giant but they are lideal for even beginners to breed. State your preference for Giant Atlas or Chinese Oak Silkmoth in the comments box when ordering.

The Pyjama Standard Cage is just the right size for incubating even the larger moths, and is useful for rearing larvae, Sitck and Leaf Insects and other creatures. The PUPAE NEST is the innovative way that WWB keeps pupae in the emerging cage. It is designed principally to keep underground pupae in ideal conditions which can be monitored and maintained free of infection, but is also ideal for both Silkmoth Cocoons and Exotic Butterfly Pupae. The PUPAE NEST fits in the Standard Cage, which can also be used later for rearing larvae.

Scroll sideways to see full image.

This equipment, with cocoons for breeding, helps to ensure success. It may appear to be costly, but it provides all that is necessary for breeding these amazing exotic giant moths from cocoons.  Store the cocoons in the fridge until mid-April. Then keep them in the cage on the bobble foam, thoroughly wetted. They like a temperature of 25-30 degrees C. Water liberally on any warm days, ensuring that the cocoons drain and do not lie in water. The moths may take some weeks, but will emerge in summer. Keep one pair at a time together in the cage, nice and warm to encourage them to mate. They stay joined for a day and must not be moved or disturbed. The female will lay eggs on the netting of the cage.

 

£83.80
Large White Pieris brassicae 10 Pupae
Availability: NOW


Large White Butterfly Pieris brassicae

 

No longer the common butterfly it once was. Winter pupae are stored cool for the winter and normally hatch in May, though some develop during winter.

 

This is a good species for the inexperienced, and as an introduction to rearing larvae.

 

The larvae feed on cabbage but also most Cruciferae which can be better and less smelly for captive rearing! Horseradish is ideal for its large leaves and other species include Rape, Mustard, Sweet Rocket, Turnip and Watercress.

 

There are two or more generations in a year.  

 


 

£15.50
Festoon Zerynthia polyxena pupae
Availability: NOW


The Festoon Zerynthia polyxena Europe

A delicate spring butterfly in the Swallowtail family Papilionidae

The terrain for this charming species is in mountains, usually lower than 2000m. The species is widely dispursed in southern and eastern Europe and in Russia, seldom occurring in large numbers in any one locality. The Festoon is found in the French and Italian Alps, northwards through Austria to the Czech Republic and Slovakia. It is also found in the mountains of Greece and Bulgaria, Belarus and several mountain ranges in Russia.

The larvae (which are like minatures of Birdwing larvae) feed on Birthwort Aristolochia clematitis, A. rotunda and other local Aristolochia.

Store the pupae cold for the winter months. The adults normally emerge from May. There is only one generation in the year.

 

Tiger Swallowtail glaucus pupae
Availability: NOW


Tiger Swallowtail Papilio glaucus North America

Very fine pupae from multiple wild stocks.

The Tiger Swallowtail is perhaps North America’s grandest swallowtail. As a curiosity, a small proportion of females emerge as melanics, not as beautiful as the typical female, but different! They can be bred in captivity and the larvae are as exotic as many of the tropical swallowtails, with the Papilio eye markings and bird dropping camouflage in the early instars.

Try feeding them on Cherry, Ash or Lime, and they will probably take a wider variety of foodplants.

Spicebush Swallowtail troilus pupae
Availability: NOW


Spicebush Swallowtail Papilio troilus North America

A large swallowtail from the Eastern parts of North America. The larvae, which have wonderful enlarged eye markings, feed on Spicebush Lindera benzoin and Sassafras Sassafras albidum, Camphor Cinnamomum camphora, and Redbay Persea borbonia, perhaps prickly ash Zanthoxylum americanum. In Europe they are bred on Tulip Tree Liriodendron and Sweetbay Magnolia virginiana.  Butterflies are produced this year. There are two generations. Store winter pupae refrigerated in a plastic box, until May.

 

 

On the back of the thorax on the pupa, there is a curious pattern in the exact image of a butterfly, even with curly antennae!

 

 

 

ACP. Butterflies - used copy
Availability: NOW


All Colour Paperback BUTTERFLIES Robert Goodden.

No other book gives such plain and practical advice for the study of butterflies and moths.
A comprehensive guide - outlining techniques for the breeding and study of butterflies and moths. This book also shows a grand selection of butterflies of every continent. Packed with essential information, colourful pictures and diagrams by the butterfly artist JOYCE BEE. Paperback. 160  pages. 7 x 4". An essential guide for the beginner.

This book went out of print many years ago. WWB bought the entire stock of the English language edition. Stocks have now sold out. There are some used copies, damage or marking mainly on the covers, which does not materially affect the content. Even these are now down to rather few copies.
Published by Hamlyn. Available only from Worldwide Butterflies.

 


 

£21.95
Pyjama Mini Cage 22 x 29 x 25cm high
Availability: NOW


Pyjama Mini Cage 22 x 29 x 25cm high

This popular cage has just got even better. Nearly a third larger, and much improved dimensions.

Ideal as a beginner's cage, but also for the busy breeder who wants separate small cages. Excellent as an emerging cage for chrysalides and cocoons, ideal for keeping small numbers of larvae or other insects, when large enough for cage rearing.

This cage is suitable for laying out small numbers of pupae to emerge. Also for rearing smaller numbers of larvae or smaller larvae. Baby larvae should be first reared in plastic rearing containers or kept covered on growing food. Please see the note on the page for plastic rearing containers. This cage will hold small covered pots of plant, and larger sizes of cage are available for larger subjects.

When necessary the netting cover can be slipped off for cleaning or replacement. The Pyjama Mini cage is assembled in minutes and easily packed flat for winter storage. As the interest grows there are larger sizes available. For the experienced breeder the Mini Cage has many uses where a series of smaller cages is needed for separating species and giving different treatment.

 

 

£22.95
Swallowtail Papilio machaon machaon Sweden Breeding stock of 5 pupae
Availability: NOW


Swallowtail Papilio machaon machaon Sweden

It is extremely rare to get breeding stock of the Swedish nominate race, and this is a great opportunity for breeders! Numbers already low1

This is the nominate subspecies. Papilio machaon machaon Linné 1758. Both the pupae and adult butterflies more resemble those of britannicus than the main European subspecies gorganus.

These pupae have been specially bred for us from wild stock in Sweden. Locality Date Vindåsens (57º 5452’ N and 16º 4702 E) on the east coast of Sweden, 10 yards from the sea. Here Parnassius apollo and Poplar Admiral were also seen at the same time.

We consider them to be very close to the English Swallowtail in behaviour and rearing characteristics, even though they are not confined to wetlands. 

The larvae do well on both wild and garden Parsnip and, like the English Swallowtail,  Milk Parsley Peucedanum palustre and P. ostruthium. Also  Angelica archangelica. Carrot tops may also be tried. The larvae will eat Fennel but it appears that mortality of machaon machaon is higher on Fennel than the preferred foodplants.

There is normally only one generation in the year. Some pupae might be encouraged to emerge in late summer, but most will be stored cool until November, then refrigerated until April in anticipation of May emergence.

 

£38.95
The Giant Swallowtail Papilio cresphontes pupae
Availability: NOW


The Giant Swallowtail Papilio cresphontes North America

 This is North America's largest butterfly. An impressive broad-winged Swallowtail as fine as any tropical species.  The Giant Swallowtail will breed in captivity. The larvae, which are knarled and resemble a bird dropping, feed on Rutaceae: Citrus, Rue and probably Choisya, as well as Zanthotoxylum.

The Woad Yellow Orange Tip Anthocharis damone Four pupae (sexes not guaranteed)
Availability: NOW


The Woad Yellow Orange Tip Anthocharis damone Southern Europe into Asia Minor

A butterfly found on rough and dry mountains where vegitation is sparse. In italy it is found on Sicily and the tip of the mainland, thence to Greece and Turkey and on into Asia minor. At lower altitudes the flight period is in April and May. Higher up the cooler climate can delay emergence until June or sometimes later.  

There is a limited stock of pupae available immediately.

The sole recorded foodplant is Woad Isatis tinctoria, which has been used for centuries to produce the wonderful blue die Indigo, and was once used to decorate warriors with intimidating intense blue war paint!

 

£32.00
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui 5 Pupae
Availability: June onwards


Painted Lady Vanessa cardui

Most years Painted Lady pupae are not available. This year we are expecting supplies again. PLEASE ORDER EARLY!

In Europe this is a migrant butterfly from N. Africa and it is probably the only butterfly found on every continent of the world. Larval foodplants include Nettle and Thistle but they also take a variety of other herbaceous plants including Mallow and Burdock.

This is a continuously brooded species that is available at intervals during the summer.

£20.95