WINTER PUPAE for breeding in the following season

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Cinnabar Moth Hippocrita jacobaeae One lot of 7 pupae
Availability: NOW


Cinnabar Moth Hippocrita jacobaeae One lot of 7 pupae

A chance to breed this brilliant scarlet and black moth. Cinnabars, once extremely common, have suffered severe reduction in numbers in the last decade. We can help them, and their foodplants are a wonderful nectar source for many other insects. Feed the larvae on Ragwort or Groundsell Senecio.

 

£12.50
European Swallowtail machaon gorganus 5 pupae
Availability: Autumn 2021


European Swallowtail Papilio machaon gorganus

Very difficult to obtain, there are seldom enough to meet demand. Keep winter pupae refrigerated until late April. Lay the pupae on foam sheet in the base of a netting emerging cage. Spray in hot weather. The butterflies normally emerge in May/June.

For breeding, the butterflies require some space, nectar flowers and growing foodplant. They need sunlight and humidity. Give them a shady area in the cage. Eggs are laid on the foodplant leaves.

The larvae are very easy to rear on Fennel, Carrot leaves and Parsnip leaves and flowers (wild and cultivated). One of the most attractive butterfly larvae and a joy to rear!

£35.00
Scarce Swallowtail podalirius  pupae
Availability: Autumn


Scarce Swallowtail Iphiclides podalirius 

Limited number available now.

Good size, plump and clear colour. Increasingly difficult to obtain. The larvae feed on Blackthorn. Most people find this species difficult to breed but it is a joy to have them emerge at home, and worth trying to breed.
 

Festoon Zerynthia polyxena pupae
Availability: Autumn 2021


The Festoon Zerynthia polyxena Europe

A delicate spring butterfly in the Swallowtail family Papilionidae

The terrain for this charming species is in mountains, usually lower than 2000m. The species is widely dispursed in southern and eastern Europe and in Russia, seldom occurring in large numbers in any one locality. The Festoon is found in the French and Italian Alps, northwards through Austria to the Czech Republic and Slovakia. It is also found in the mountains of Greece and Bulgaria, Belarus and several mountain ranges in Russia.

The larvae (which are like minatures of Birdwing larvae) feed on Birthwort Aristolochia clematitis, A. rotunda and other local Aristolochia.

Store the pupae cold for the winter months. The adults normally emerge from May. There is only one generation in the year.

 

Black Swallowtail asterias pupae
Availability: Autumn


Black Swallowtail Papilio polyxenes asterias North America

Very closely related to the European and British swallowtails, asterias  will often hybridise with either, producing interesting offspring.

The collections of 4 pupae comprise 3 male and a female pupa for breeding.

The larvae feed on Fennel, Carrot tops, and some other Umbelliferae including wild and probably cultivated Parsnip.  Two broods are produced in the year and the pupae of the second brood hibernate.  

Tiger Swallowtail glaucus pupae
Availability: NOW


Tiger Swallowtail Papilio glaucus North America

Very fine pupae from multiple wild stocks.

The Tiger Swallowtail is perhaps North America’s grandest swallowtail. As a curiosity, a small proportion of females emerge as melanics, not as beautiful as the typical female, but different! They can be bred in captivity and the larvae are as exotic as many of the tropical swallowtails, with the Papilio eye markings and bird dropping camouflage in the early instars.

Try feeding them on Cherry, Ash or Lime, and they will probably take a wider variety of foodplants.

Spicebush Swallowtail troilus pupae
Availability: NOW


Spicebush Swallowtail Papilio troilus North America

A large swallowtail from the Eastern parts of North America. The larvae, which have wonderful enlarged eye markings, feed on Spicebush Lindera benzoin and Sassafras Sassafras albidum, Camphor Cinnamomum camphora, and Redbay Persea borbonia, perhaps prickly ash Zanthoxylum americanum. In Europe they are bred on Tulip Tree Liriodendron and Sweetbay Magnolia virginiana.  Butterflies are produced this year. There are two generations. Store winter pupae refrigerated in a plastic box, until May.

 

 

On the back of the thorax on the pupa, there is a curious pattern in the exact image of a butterfly, even with curly antennae!

 

 

 

Orange Tip Anthocharis cardamines pupae
Availability: NOW


Orange Tip Anthocharis cardamines Europe

Store the pupae in a cool place, for the winter, even a refrigerator, loose in a plastic box. An early spring butterfly. Depending on locality and season, the butterflies usually begin to fly in May. The male has the orange tips. Both sexes have mottled undersides in green which is actually made of microscopic scales of black and yellow, giving the illusion of green. The curious pupae look like thorns.

Eggs are laid on Garlic Mustard, Sweet Rocket and Cuckoo Flower or Lady’s Smock. The larvae live singly and are canabalistic. Not difficult to breed, particularly on potted foodplant. Camouflage in all stages is remarkable.

 

Map Butterfly levana  Pupae
Availability: Late summer


Map Butterfly Araschnia levana

A charming and quite small Vanessid butterfly that occurs throughout much of Europe but not in the British Isles. It has been established in Britain but the colony was deliberately destroyed. This is a nettle feeder.

The eggs are laid in unique pendant strings from the underside of a nettle leaf.  Younger larvae are gregarious.

There are normally two broods: the spring brood is patterned rather like a fritillary, as illustrated. In July the second brood (form porosa) emerges looking like miniature White Admirals!

An established British colony was deliberately exterminated. Why not try again?

 

Pairing is not easy but success is more likely if you can create a netting sleeve that brings the two sexes together, like the peak of a hood.  Second brood larvae hang up to pupate in secluded places for the winter. The pupae we are offering now are to be stored in a cool outhouse or fridge until April. Then lay them out for emergence in April/May.

 

Eyed Hawk Smerinthus ocellata pupae
Availability: Autumn


Eyed Hawk Smerinthus ocellata

These pupae will produce moths this year. Pairings extremely easy. Larvae feed on Apple, Willows and Sallows. The larvae do best on living foodplant because these plants do not last well in water. Very attractive larvae, highly camouflaged with silvery markings on green, and very streamlined. Single brooded. The moth has beautiful hindwings which it flashes if disturbed. Huge eyespots brightly coloured with magenta and blue. Highly recommended. 

Additional reported foodplants: Poplars, Blackthorn, Lime, Privet, Alder, Birch, Plum, Blackthorn, some Viburnums, Various Prunus, Laurel.


 

 

Poplar Hawk Laothoe populi  pupae
Availability: NOW


Poplar Hawk Laothoe populi

These pupae will produce moths this year when given warmth and watering.

The moth has a curious resting position, with hindwings projecting in front of the forewings. Patterned in shades of grey, this large Hawkmoth escapes detection because of its curious shape.

Two broods are produced in May and July/August. The larvae are very robust, bright green, with stripes and sometimes red spots. Sleeved larvae do best, on Poplars, Willows and Sallows.

Very easy to breed.



 

Lime Hawk tiliae pupae
Availability: Autumn 2021


Lime Hawkmoth Mimas tiliae

Some excellent forms of pattern and colour are appearing from these pupae, including one-spot, banded and brick red forms, as well as a wide colour range of normal pattern. There is no way of detecting these in the early stages, but we are illustrating some of these extreme forms that have been emerging.

Store pupae refrigerated for the winter. The moths normally emerge in May/June.

Extremely easy to rear on Lime or Elm. Other reported foodplants include Cherry, Alder, Birch, Oak, Hazel, Acer including Sycamore, Sorbus, Apple, Pear and Ash! In autumn the larvae will grow faster if kept warm. 

The larvae do particularly well sleeved on growing foodplant but can be kept in plastic boxes or cages. Beautiful streamlined larvae. Larger larvae are often heavily marked with flame and scarlet spots and blotches. Very variable. They pupate underground. In captivity they will pupate amongst folds of cloth or absorbent tissue.