WINTER PUPAE for breeding in the following season

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European Swallowtail machaon gorganus 5 pupae
Availability: See text


European Swallowtail Papilio machaon gorganus

Pupae will be in short supply this winter. When stocks are sold we will book orders for supply at the next opportunity next season, or before if available.

Very difficult to obtain, there are seldom enough to meet demand. Keep winter pupae refrigerated until late April. Lay the pupae on foam sheet in the base of a netting emerging cage. Spray in hot weather. The butterflies normally emerge in May/June.

For breeding, the butterflies require some space, nectar flowers and growing foodplant. They need sunlight and humidity. Give them a shady area in the cage. Eggs are laid on the foodplant leaves.

The larvae are very easy to rear on Fennel, Carrot leaves and Parsnip leaves and flowers (wild and cultivated). One of the most attractive butterfly larvae and a joy to rear!

£35.00
Scarce Swallowtail podalirius  pupae
Availability: NOW


Scarce Swallowtail Iphiclides podalirius Good size, plump and clear colour. Increasingly difficult to obtain. The larvae feed on Blackthorn. Most people find this species difficult to breed but it is a joy to have them emerge at home, and worth trying to breed.
 

Festoon Zerynthia polyxena pupae SPECIAL PRICES!
Availability: NOW


The Festoon Zerynthia polyxena Europe

5 for £15.00 NOW £11.95 10 for £21.95 NOW £17.95

Plentiful supplies enable us to offer special prices.

A delicate spring butterfly in the Swallowtail family Papilionidae

The terrain for this charming species is in mountains, usually lower than 2000m. The species is widely dispursed in southern and eastern Europe and in Russia, seldom occurring in large numbers in any one locality. The Festoon is found in the French and Italian Alps, northwards through Austria to the Czech Republic and Slovakia. It is also found in the mountains of Greece and Bulgaria, Belarus and several mountain ranges in Russia.

The larvae (which are like minatures of Birdwing larvae) feed on Birthwort Aristolochia clematitis, A. rotunda and other local Aristolochia.

Store the pupae cold for the winter months. The adults normally emerge from May. There is only one generation in the year.

 

Black Swallowtail asterias pupae
Availability: NOW


Black Swallowtail Papilio polyxenes asterias North America

Only a small number of pupae available this winter.

Very closely related to the European and British swallowtails, asterias  will often hybridise with either, producing interesting offspring.

The collections of 4 pupae comprise 3 male and a female pupa for breeding.

The larvae feed on Fennel, Carrot tops, and some other Umbelliferae including wild and probably cultivated Parsnip.  Two broods are produced in the year and the pupae of the second brood hibernate.  

Tiger Swallowtail glaucus pupae
Availability: NOW


Tiger Swallowtail Papilio glaucus North America

Very fine pupae from multiple wild stocks.

The Tiger Swallowtail is perhaps North America’s grandest swallowtail. As a curiosity, a small proportion of females emerge as melanics, not as beautiful as the typical female, but different! They can be bred in captivity and the larvae are as exotic as many of the tropical swallowtails, with the Papilio eye markings and bird dropping camouflage in the early instars.

Try feeding them on Cherry, Ash or Lime, and they will probably take a wider variety of foodplants.

Spicebush Swallowtail troilus pupae
Availability: NOW


Spicebush Swallowtail Papilio troilus North America

A large swallowtail from the Eastern parts of North America. The larvae, which have wonderful enlarged eye markings, feed on Spicebush Lindera benzoin and Sassafras Sassafras albidum, Camphor Cinnamomum camphora, and Redbay Persea borbonia, perhaps prickly ash Zanthoxylum americanum. In Europe they are bred on Tulip Tree Liriodendron and Sweetbay Magnolia virginiana.  Butterflies are produced this year. There are two generations. Store winter pupae refrigerated in a plastic box, until May.

 

 

On the back of the thorax on the pupa, there is a curious pattern in the exact image of a butterfly, even with curly antennae!

 

 

 

Orange Tip Anthocharis cardamines pupae
Availability: NOW


Orange Tip Anthocharis cardamines Europe

It's difficult to get pupae of this species, but we have a stock at the moment.

Store the pupae in a cool place, for the winter, even a refrigerator, loose in a plastic box. An early spring butterfly. Depending on locality and season, the butterflies usually begin to fly in May. The male has the orange tips. Both sexes have mottled undersides in green which is actually made of microscopic scales of black and yellow, giving the illusion of green. The curious pupae look like thorns.

Eggs are laid on Garlic Mustard, Sweet Rocket and Cuckoo Flower or Lady’s Smock. The larvae live singly and are canabalistic. Not difficult to breed, particularly on potted foodplant. Camouflage in all stages is remarkable.

 

Duke of Burgundy Fritillary lucina 5 pupae
Availability: NOW


Duke of Burgundy Fritillary Hamearis lucina Larvae

 A very attractive pupae, speckled and hairy!

Curious oval larvae like those of the Blues, but not green like those, more a straw colour, with rows of black dots. They live on Primrose or Polyanthus leaves. Not difficult to rear on a potted plant.

Resulting pupae have similar colouring and pattern. Store the pupae in a fridge until May when the delightful butterflies emerge. Very seldom available.

 



 

£25.00
Eyed Hawk Smerinthus ocellata pupae
Availability: NOW


Eyed Hawk Smerinthus ocellata

These pupae will produce moths this year. Pairings extremely easy. Larvae feed on Apple, Willows and Sallows. The larvae do best on living foodplant because these plants do not last well in water. Very attractive larvae, highly camouflaged with silvery markings on green, and very streamlined. Single brooded. The moth has beautiful hindwings which it flashes if disturbed. Huge eyespots brightly coloured with magenta and blue. Highly recommended. 

Additional reported foodplants: Poplars, Blackthorn, Lime, Privet, Alder, Birch, Plum, Blackthorn, some Viburnums, Various Prunus, Laurel.


 

 

Poplar Hawk Laothoe populi  pupae
Availability: NOW


Poplar Hawk Laothoe populi

Not as many pupae available as normally, but they are available at the moment.

The moth has a curious resting position, with hindwings projecting in front of the forewings. Patterned in shades of grey, this large Hawkmoth escapes detection because of its curious shape.

Two broods are produced in May and July/August. The larvae are very robust, bright green, with stripes and sometimes red spots. Sleeved larvae do best, on Poplars, Willows and Sallows.

Very easy to breed.



 

Lime Hawk tiliae pupae
Availability: NOW


Lime Hawkmoth Mimas tiliae

Some excellent forms of pattern and colour are appearing from these pupae, including one-spot, banded and brick red forms, as well as a wide colour range of normal pattern. There is no way of detecting these in the early stages, but we are illustrating some of these extreme forms that have been emerging.

Store pupae refrigerated for the winter. The moths normally emerge in May/June.

Extremely easy to rear on Lime or Elm. Other reported foodplants include Cherry, Alder, Birch, Oak, Hazel, Acer including Sycamore, Sorbus, Apple, Pear and Ash! In autumn the larvae will grow faster if kept warm. 

The larvae do particularly well sleeved on growing foodplant but can be kept in plastic boxes or cages. Beautiful streamlined larvae. Larger larvae are often heavily marked with flame and scarlet spots and blotches. Very variable. They pupate underground. In captivity they will pupate amongst folds of cloth or absorbent tissue.

Privet Hawk S ligustri Pupae
Availability: NOW


Privet Hawk Sphinx ligustri

One of the largest Hawkmoths. These will produce adults this year, or you can keep them cool for breeding next year.

The caterpillar becomes enormous and is characteristic of the name Sphinx moths, by its sphinx-like resting position. Adults emerge in June and July.  They need nectar from the flowers of Privet, Valerian, Buddleia. 

Larval foodplants: Privet, Lilac, Ash, also reportedly Spiraea, Viburnum opulus, and other Viburnums,  Holly, Dogwood, Snowberry, Apple, Pear, Oleander, Leycesteria, Currant.

One generation in the year. Privet Hawks breed readily in a large cage with nectar and foodplant.