WINTER PUPAE for breeding in the following season

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European Swallowtail machaon gorganus winter pupae
Availability: Autumn 2019


European Swallowtail Papilio machaon gorganus

Good stock of very healthy and large Swallowtail pupae from several parts of  Europe.

Store the pupae cool for the winter. Lay in the emerging cage in late April for emergence to start in May.

Most years they are most difficult to obtain.

The larvae are very easy to rear on Fennel, Carrot leaves and Parsnip leaves and flowers (wild and cultivated). One of the most attractive butterfly larvae and a joy to rear!

Scarce Swallowtail podalirius pupae SPECIAL PRICES
Availability: NOW


Scarce Swallowtail Iphiclides podalirius 

5 for £28.95 NOW £24.95 10 for £49.95 NOW £45.95

Good size, plump and clear colour. Increasingly difficult to obtain. The larvae feed on Blackthorn. Most people find this species difficult to breed but it is a joy to have them emerge at home, and worth trying to breed.
 

Festoon Zerynthia polyxena pupae SPECIAL PRICES!
Availability: NOW


The Festoon Zerynthia polyxena Europe

5 for £15.00 NOW £11.95 10 for £21.95 NOW £17.95

Plentiful supplies enable us to offer special prices.

A delicate spring butterfly in the Swallowtail family Papilionidae

The terrain for this charming species is in mountains, usually lower than 2000m. The species is widely dispursed in southern and eastern Europe and in Russia, seldom occurring in large numbers in any one locality. The Festoon is found in the French and Italian Alps, northwards through Austria to the Czech Republic and Slovakia. It is also found in the mountains of Greece and Bulgaria, Belarus and several mountain ranges in Russia.

The larvae (which are like minatures of Birdwing larvae) feed on Birthwort Aristolochia clematitis, A. rotunda and other local Aristolochia.

Store the pupae cold for the winter months. The adults normally emerge from May. There is only one generation in the year.

 

 

Allancastria caucasica  5 Pupae SPECIAL PRICES
Availability: NOW


Allancastria caucasica South Russia and Turkey

A group curiously placed between Apollo and Swallowtails. This species is MOST DIFFICULT TO OBTAIN!

Described originally as a subspecies of Allancastria cerisyi, this species was first given species status by Kuhna as recently as 1977.

Rarely obtained, we have a few pupae available immediately. Very slender pupae, almost remeniscent of Orange Tip.

The female is particularly heavily patterned and quite distinct from other Allancastria.

The larvae feed on Aristolochia pontica, A. pallida, and A. iberica.  In captivity they have been reared on A. pistolochia and A. rotunda.

 

£35.00 £29.95
Tiger Swallowtail glaucus pupae
Availability: Autumn 2019



Tiger Swallowtail Papilio glaucus North America

 

 

The Tiger Swallowtail is perhaps North America’s grandest swallowtail. As a curiosity, a small proportion of females emerge as melanics, not as beautiful as the typical female, but different! They can be bred in captivity and the larvae are as exotic as many of the tropical swallowtails, with the Papilio eye markings and bird dropping camouflage in the early instars.

 

Try feeding them on Cherry or Lime, and they will probably take a wider variety of foodplants.

 

 

Spicebush Swallowtail troilus pupae
Availability: NOW


Spicebush Swallowtail Papilio troilus North America

A large swallowtail from the Eastern parts of North America. The larvae, which have wonderful enlarged eye markings, feed on Spicebush Lindera benzoin and Sassafras Sassafras albidum, Camphor Cinnamomum camphora, and Redbay Persea borbonia, perhaps prickly ash Zanthoxylum americanum. In Europe they are bred on Tulip Tree Liriodendron and Sweetbay Magnolia virginiana.  Butterflies are produced this year. There are two generations.

 

 

On the back of the thorax on the pupa, there is a curious pattern in the exact image of a butterfly, even with curly antennae!

 

 

 

Orange Tip Anthocharis cardamines pupae
Availability: Late summer


Orange Tip Anthocharis cardamines Europe

Store the pupae in a cool place, for the winter, even a refrigerator, loose in a plastic box. An early spring butterfly. Depending on locality and season, the butterflies usually begin to fly in May. The male has the orange tips. Both sexes have mottled undersides in green which is actually made of microscopic scales of black and yellow, giving the illusion of green. The curious pupae look like thorns.

Eggs are laid on Garlic Mustard, Sweet Rocket and Cuckoo Flower or Lady’s Smock. The larvae live singly and are canabalistic. Not difficult to breed, particularly on potted foodplant. Camouflage in all stages is remarkable.

 

Map Butterfly levana  Pupae
Availability: NOW


Map Butterfly Araschnia levana

A charming and quite small Vanessid butterfly that occurs throughout much of Europe but not in the British Isles. It has been established in Britain but the colony was deliberately destroyed. This is a nettle feeder.

The eggs are laid in unique pendant strings from the underside of a nettle leaf.  Younger larvae are gregarious.

There are normally two broods: the spring brood is patterned rather like a fritillary, as illustrated. In July the second brood (form porosa) emerges looking like miniature White Admirals!

An established British colony was deliberately exterminated. Why not try again?

 

Pairing is not easy but success is more likely if you can create a netting sleeve that brings the two sexes together, like the peak of a hood.  Second brood larvae hang up to pupate in secluded places for the winter. The pupae we are offering now are to be stored in a cool outhouse or fridge until April. Then lay them out for emergence in April/May.

 

Chequered Blue Scolitantides orion 4 pupae
Availability: Summer 2019


Chequered Blue Scolitantides orion Europe

 Very seldom available. Only a bit larger than Cupido minimus, the Small Blue, this butterfly is found mostly on warm hillsides and mountains in southern Europe. Places where its foodplant Sedum telephium is found.  Larvae have also been reared on garden varieties of Sedum, the Ice Plant.

 There can be two broods in warmer locations. Winter is spent in the pupal stage. You can keep the pupae in a fridge through the winter and bring them out to emerge in spring.

 

£15.95
Eyed Hawk Smerinthus ocellata pupae
Availability: NOW


Eyed Hawk Smerinthus ocellata

Pupae are stored cool for the winter. Lay them out in April for May emergence. Pairings extremely easy. Larvae feed on Apple, Willows and Sallows. The larvae do best on living foodplant because these plants do not last well in water. Very attractive larvae, highly camouflaged with silvery markings on green, and very streamlined. Single brooded. The moth has beautiful hindwings which it flashes if disturbed. Huge eyespots brightly coloured with magenta and blue. Highly recommended. 

Additional reported foodplants: Poplars, Blackthorn, Lime, Privet, Alder, Birch, Plum, Blackthorn, some Viburnums, Various Prunus, Laurel.


 

 

Poplar Hawk Laothoe populi  pupae
Availability: NOW


Poplar Hawk Laothoe populi

Not as many pupae available as normally, but they are available at the moment.

The moth has a curious resting position, with hindwings projecting in front of the forewings. Patterned in shades of grey, this large Hawkmoth escapes detection because of its curious shape.

Two broods are produced in May and July/August. The larvae are very robust, bright green, with stripes and sometimes red spots. Sleeved larvae do best, on Poplars, Willows and Sallows.

Very easy to breed.



 

Lime Hawk tiliae pupae
Availability: NOW


Lime Hawkmoth Mimas tiliae

Some excellent forms of pattern and colour are appearing from these pupae, including one-spot, banded and brick red forms, as well as a wide colour range of normal pattern. There is no way of detecting these in the early stages, but we are illustrating some of these extreme forms that have been emerging.

Store pupae refrigerated for the winter. The moths normally emerge in May/June.

Extremely easy to rear on Lime or Elm. Other reported foodplants include Cherry, Alder, Birch, Oak, Hazel, Acer including Sycamore, Sorbus, Apple, Pear and Ash! In autumn the larvae will grow faster if kept warm. 

The larvae do particularly well sleeved on growing foodplant but can be kept in plastic boxes or cages. Beautiful streamlined larvae. Larger larvae are often heavily marked with flame and scarlet spots and blotches. Very variable. They pupate underground. In captivity they will pupate amongst folds of cloth or absorbent tissue.