EXOTIC BUTTERFLY PUPAE

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EXOTIC BUTTERFLY PUPAE  

Prices are set to rise shortly, due to currency changes. 

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Most exotic pupae emerge quite quickly. For international orders, post takes too long, so fast-developing pupae are sent by XXP Express courier.  Delivery in Europe is usually next day after dispatch. In cases where shipping by express courier is shown as Advisory, rather than Obligatory, please remember that you accept all risks of delay, hatching, exposure to adverse conditions, death, loss or damage in transit.  Such risks are almost eliminated by using express courier, which usually delivers everything very fresh and in the peak of condition.

IMPORTANT - Please read this guide to hatching of exotic butterfly pupae: 

Provide warmth and humidity that the pupae normally experience in the tropics. About 30°C is ideal, and humidity above 70%. The butterflies like a warm greenhouse containing nectar plants, and this is the best place also for the emerging cage for the pupae. Shade the cage from direct sun, which is too harsh. If you don’t have such an environment, you may be able to simulate a warm and humid atmosphere in another way, but don’t apply direct heat. The whole cage needs to be in an even temperature and humidity. It is usually beneficial to mist the pupae at least once a day. It is normal in nature for night to be cooler than day.

It’s a good idea to suspend the pupae. To do this, use a cane held horizontally. Apply a very thin line of contact adhesive eg Evostick along the cane. Lay the cane on a table and, when it is tacky but not yet set hard, touch the tails of the pupae on the line of glue. Warning: excess glue actually kills the pupa, so use just a very thin line. When the glue has set you can pick up the cane, with all the pupae hanging by their tails from it.

Pupae of the Swallowtail and Pierid families don’t hang from the tail (cremaster), head downwards. They are attached to a twig at the tail, and they use a silk sling around the wing cases to anchor themselves, head upwards and at an angle away from the twig. To simulate this, you can take some lengths of cane. Make a thin line of glue as described above. Lay the cane on a table, then attach the tails of the pupae to the glue line, and touch the abdomen also against the glue line. Once dry, the cane can be arranged standing at an angle against the sides of the emerging cage, or you can arrange them stuck into a block of florist’s foam. There needs to be enough space to allow the emerging butterflies to climb up, expand and dry their wings.

Usually fixing the pupae to a cane helps to give hatching butterflies the best foothold. When fixed to canes pupae are very exposed and can easily dry out. Mist them several times a day.  If you don’t wish to glue the pupae to a cane, they can be laid out on corrugated card or other rough surfaces, such as greengrocer’s imitation grass mats or coconut matting, flat on the bottom of the emerging cage. This material may help to keep the pupae moist if you spray them at least once a day.  For hygiene the material needs to be cleaned or replaced every few days.

Resulting butterflies do well in a tropical greenhouse, planted with lush greenery and copious nectar-bearing flowers. Some species like to feed from over-ripe fruit. They may live 2-4 weeks in such conditions, exceptionally they can live longer. Kept in a cage in a house, their life may be just a few days, but sometimes longer if they are given fresh nectar flowers each day, and misted to prevent the atmosphere becoming too dry. Non-native butterflies must not be released.

 

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Papilio dardanus Africa 4 pupae
Availability: September


Papilio dardanus Africa

Males are a distinctive creamy yellow, with dark chocolate markings, and prominent tails. Females are mimetic of distasteful Danaids and can vary both in ground colouration, and markings.  Dardanus larvae feed on Citrus and will sometimes accept Choisya or Skimmia.

Pupae have a curiously flat shape!

A MOST INTERESTING BUTTERFLY!

 

 

£18.95
Papilio demodocus 4 pupae
Availability: September


Papilio demodocus Africa

Very striking butterflies, strong in flight and very satisfactory in a greenhouse. The larvae feed on Citrus, Choisya and sometimes Skimmia. Young larvae are camouflaged as bird droppings. Later they become green with prominent eye spots.

 

£18.00
Papilio nireus from Africa 4 pupae
Availability: September


Papilio nireus from Africa

Widely distributed in Africa. The iridescent bottle blue bands make a striking contrast on the jet black ground colour.

Nireus will breed in the right greenhouse conditions. The larvae feed on Citrus leaves. 

 

£18.95
Heliconius 5 pupae All different species
Availability: September


Heliconius 5 pupae All different species

This species has a short time as a pupa and is not suitable to be sent internationally, other than by courier.

The Heliconius butterflies are numerous and so varied in colouring and pattern that the different species cannot be identified just by their appearance. They are highly mimetic, both of each other, and other families of butterflies. Some individuals have been known to survive for months, even in captive conditions. Their habits are wonderful to observe. Some are capapble of hovering and even flying backwards. The butterflies are able to gather not only nectar through the proboscis, but also pollen which they store in the coils of the proboscis.

Eggs are laid on the growing shoots and tendrils of Passiflora, on which the larvae feed. Most lay eggs individually though some lay in groups. The butterflies are continuously brooded and can become a magnificent feature of a greenhouse or conservatory.

Don't be surprised if your butterflies do not exactly match the colouring and pattern of the illustration. This is quite normal with these remarkable butterflies!

 

 

£25.00
Heliconius melpomone 4 pupae
Availability: September


Heliconius melpomone Central and South America

This species has a short time as a pupa and is not suitable to be sent internationally, other than by courier.

The Heliconius butterflies are mimetic, not only of each other, but they also imitate other species that are distastful to predators. So don't be surprised if your butterflies don't have the same pattern and marking as the illustration, but they do have the same narrow wing shape in common, and their habits are wonderful to observe. Some are capapble of hovering and even flying backwards. The butterflies are able to gather not only nectar through the proboscis, but also pollen which they store in the coils of the proboscis.

Some individuals have been known to survive for months, even in captive conditions.

Eggs are laid on the growing shoots and tendrils of Passiflora, on which the larvae feed. Most lay eggs individually though some lay in groups. The butterflies are continuously brooded and can become a magnificent feature of a greenhouse or conservatory.

 

£18.00
Mycelia cyaniris South America 4 pupae
Availability: September


Mycelia cyaniris Central and South America. 

A medium-sized and very active Nymphalid, which rests with wings outspread, often head downwards. Walking along in the rainforest may disturb this iridescent blue butterfly, it flies a little ahead, and rests again some paces ahead.

A butterfly that appears to have character! In captivity it responds to gentle handling.  It does not fly into the distance, but settles close by and often returns, promenading and displaying its magnificent iridescent wings, which are almost as electric as the Purple Emperor. With wings closed the underside is patterned in greys for concealment, so that if disturbned, the brilliant blue flash stands a good chance of startling a predator long enough for the butterfly to make its escape.

This butterfly will charm you! 

This species has a short time as a pupa and is not suitable to be sent internationally, other than by courier.

£16.50
Victorina steneles South America 4 pupae
Availability: September


Victorina steneles South America

A most beautiful butterfly with a very rare green colour, patterned with dark brown. This butterfly has a very strange pupa. 

£18.00
Hypolimnas bolina Tropical Asia 6 pupae
Availability: September


Hypolimnas bolina Tropical Asia. 

When explorers first encountered this butterfly they were hugely excited by the iridescent blue and white markings. This is indeed one of the most beautiful tropical butterflies, even though quite widespread and common. The larvae are reported to accept stinging nettle as a foodplant.

The female is larger than the male, with different patterning in blue, white and orange on black.

 

 

£12.95
Anartia amathea South America 4 pupae
Availability: September


Anartia amathea South America

Red colouring is very scarce in butterflies. This small Nymphalid displays a flash of brilliant colour as it dances amongst the foliage of jungle paths. When it rests, the wings are spread open, displaying the blood red markings on all four wings.

A truly charming species.

£16.50
Parthenos sylvia Tropical Asia 6 pupae
Availability: September


Parthenos sylvia Tropical Asia.

This fast-flying Nymphalid has a characteristic resting position, with its head raised and wings outstretched. The pupa is well camouflaged as a dead leaf. The adult adapts well to captive greenhouse surroundings.

£12.95
Doleschallia bisaltide Small Leaf Butterfly Tropical Asia 6 pupae
Availability: September


Doleschallia bisaltide Small Leaf Butterfly Tropical Asia

Doleschallia is a genus of small leaf butterflies with varying upperside markings and all with very convincing leaf camouflage, seen on the underside when the wings close and melt into the foliage surroundings. The species illustrated is one of the others in this genus.

£12.95
Hypna clytemnestra Central America 5 pupae
Availability: September


Hypna clytemnestra Central America

This Nymphalid is unlike no other butterfly. Medium to large in size. The tailed wing-shape is unique, and the underside is cleverly disguised with white and slivery markings, which appear to be light shining through decaying leaves.

The upperside is sometimes displayed showing the patterning in bitter chocolate and cream. The pupa is another curiosity!

£18.50