WINTER PUPAE for breeding in the following season

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European Swallowtail machaon gorganus winter pupae
Availability: November/December 2017


European Swallowtail Papilio machaon gorganus

 

 

Good stock of very healthy and large Swallowtail pupae from several parts of  Europe.

 

Store the pupae cool for the winter. Lay in the emerging cage in late April for emergence to start in May.

 

Most years they are most difficult to obtain.

 

The larvae are very easy to rear on Fennel, Carrot leaves and Parsnip leaves and flowers (wild and cultivated). One of the most attractive butterfly larvae and a joy to rear!

 

 

 

Scarce Swallowtail podalirius pupae
Availability: Imminent


Scarce Swallowtail Iphiclides podalirius 

 

 

Good size, plump and clear colour. Increasingly difficult to obtain.

 

The larvae feed on Blackthorn. Most people find this species difficult to breed but it is a joy to have them emerge at home, and worth trying to breed.

 



 

Festoon Zerynthia polyxena 5 pupae
Availability: Autumn 2017


The Festoon Zerynthia polyxena Europe

 

A delicate spring butterfly in the Swallowtail family Papilionidae. The larvae (which are like minatures of Birdwing larvae) feed on Birthwort Aristolochia clematitis. 

 

 

£15.00
Black Swallowtail asterias 2 pupae
Availability: Autumn 2017


Black Swallowtail Papilio polyxenes asterias North America

 

Very closely related to the European and British swallowtails, asterias  will often hybridise with either, producing interesting offspring.

 

The larvae feed on Fennel, Carrot tops, and some other Umbelliferae including wild and probably cultivated Parsnip.  Two broods are produced in the year and the pupae of the second brood hibernate.  



  

 

£14.50
Tiger Swallowtail glaucus 2 pupae
Availability: Winter 2017



Tiger Swallowtail Papilio glaucus North America

 

 

The Tiger Swallowtail is perhaps North America’s grandest swallowtail. As a curiosity, a small proportion of females emerge as melanics, not as beautiful as the typical female, but different! They can be bred in captivity and the larvae are as exotic as many of the tropical swallowtails, with the Papilio eye markings and bird dropping camouflage in the early instars.

 

Try feeding them on Cherry or Lime, and they will probably take a wider variety of foodplants.

 

 

£12.95
Spicebush Swallowtail troilus pupae
Availability: Autumn 2017


Spicebush Swallowtail Papilio troilus North America

 

 

A large swallowtail from the Eastern parts of North America. The larvae, which have wonderful enlarged eye markings, feed on Spicebush Lindera benzoin and Sassafras Sassafras albidum, Camphor Cinnamomum camphora, and Redbay Persea borbonia, perhaps prickly ash Zanthoxylum americanum. In Europe they are bred on Tulip Tree Liriodendron and Sweetbay Magnolia virginiana.  Butterflies are produced this year. There are two generations.

 

On the back of the thorax on the pupa, there is a curious pattern in the exact image of a butterfly, even with curly antennae!

 

 

Orange Tip Anthocharis cardamines pupae
Availability:   


Orange Tip Anthocharis cardamines Europe

 

Just a few pupae available.

 

Store the pupae in a cool place, even a refrigerator, loose in a plastic box. An early spring butterfly. Depending on locality and season, the butterflies usually begin to fly in May. The male has the orange tips. Both sexes have mottled undersides in green which is actually made of microscopic scales of black and yellow, giving the illusion of green. The curious pupae look like thorns.

 

Eggs are laid on Garlic Mustard, Sweet Rocket and Cuckoo Flower or Lady’s Smock. The larvae live singly and are canabalistic. Not difficult to breed, particularly on potted foodplant. Camouflage in all stages is remarkable.

Map Butterfly levana  Pupae
Availability: From October 2017


Map Butterfly Araschnia levana

 

A charming and quite small Vanessid butterfly that occurs throughout much of Europe but not in the British Isles. It has been established in Britain but the colony was deliberately destroyed. This is a nettle feeder.

 

The eggs are laid in unique pendant strings from the underside of a nettle leaf.  Younger larvae are gregarious.

 

There are normally two broods: the spring brood is patterned rather like a fritillary, as illustrated. In July the second brood (form porosa) emerges looking like miniature White Admirals!

 

Pairing is not easy but success is more likely if you can create a netting sleeve that brings the two sexes together, like the peak of a hood.  Second brood larvae hang up to pupate in secluded places for the winter. The pupae we are offering now are to be stored in a cool outhouse or fridge until April. Then lay them out for emergence in April/May.


 


 

Chequered Blue Scolitantides orion 4 pupae
Availability: Late summer


Chequered Blue Scolitantides orion Europe

 

Very seldom available. Only a bit larger than Cupido minimus, the Small Blue, this butterfly is found mostly on warm hillsides and mountains in southern Europe. Places where its foodplant Sedum telephium is found.  Larvae have also been reared on garden varieties of Sedum, the Ice Plant.

 

There can be two broods in warmer locations. Winter is spent in the pupal stage. You can keep the pupae in a fridge through the winter and bring them out to emerge in spring.

 

 

£15.95
Oak Hawk Marumba quercus 2 pupae
Availability:   


Oak Hawk Marumba quercus pupae

A very special European rarity. A much sought after species. Pairings are not difficult. The larvae feed on Oaks, with a preference for Evergreen Oaks. Pupae emerge in  summer.

Click on picture of dried Oak leaves to see remarkable camouflage 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

£14.00
Eyed Hawk Smerinthus ocellata pupae
Availability: November onwards


Eyed Hawk Smerinthus ocellata

 

 

Pupae are stored cool for the winter. Lay them out in April for May emergence. Pairings extremely easy. Larvae feed on Apple, Willows and Sallows. The larvae do best on living foodplant because these plants do not last well in water. Very attractive larvae, highly camouflaged with silvery markings on green, and very streamlined. Single brooded. The moth has beautiful hindwings which it flashes if disturbed. Huge eyespots brightly coloured with magenta and blue. Highly recommended. 

 

Additional reported foodplants: Poplars, Blackthorn, Lime, Privet, Alder, Birch, Plum, Blackthorn, some Viburnums, Various Prunus, Laurel.


 

 

Poplar Hawk Laothoe populi 4 pupae
Availability: Autumn 2017


Poplar Hawk Laothoe populi

The moth has a curious resting position, with hindwings projecting in front of the forewings. Patterned in shades of grey, this large Hawkmoth escapes detection because of its curious shape. Two broods are produced in May and July/August. The larvae are very robust, bright green, with stripes and sometimes red spots. Sleeved larvae do best, on Poplars, Willows and Sallows.

 

Very easy to breed.



 

£12.95